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Wednesday, October 30, 2013

Essay: "Technical Education"

Education is an essential need of human life.An uneducated man remains under
developed mentally.HE cannot be much useful for his family and nation .That is why modern
governments give great important to the education of their men as well as women.The huge
population can be a source of strength for a country,provided it is widely educated and
properly trained.

In our country also Government is spending a lot of money on the education of the
people.Unfortunately it has failed to show the desired results.This is because our system of
education is not designed to meet the requirements of the time .Pakistan is an agricultural
country where there is great scope ,for industrial and commercial, development.therefore,
our young men should get education in agriculture,commerce, science and technology.With
the gradual and other fields of production, we need engineers, technicians, skilled workers
mechanics ,fitters, scientists, business administrators,etc But avast majority of our college
and university students are busy in getting education in languages, literature, social sciences
and arts subject.Such an education makes them men of ideas but not men of technique and
skill.They aspire to become high-placed government servants.Such jobs are limited,
while the candidates go on increasing year after year.This has resulted in
unemployment which is fastly spreading in the educated section of society.Thus our
colleges and universities have become clerk-producing factories ,and the whole system of
education is a wastage of time, money and human resources on a large scale.

The only remedy of this alarming situation is to make education purposeful and job
oriented .In other words, the education of science and technology and engineering must be
given top priority .General education up to Matriculation should be made
compulsory for each and all .After that only a limited number of capable and deserving
students should be sent to colleges and universities for higher education in humanities.The
 rest of the young generation mist be sent to technical institutes, politechniques and various
training centers.

we must remember that we are living on an age of high technology and increased use of
machinery in every field of life .In order to survive and to have an honourable position tin the
family of nations, we will have to adapt ourselves to the requirements of the
time,God has blessed us with valuable natural resources such as fertile land , vast ocean, solar
energy, minerals, etc .These can be developed and exploited only by be use of
machinery and advanced techniques.The technical experts and trained person must be
supplied by our education system .We can no longer afford to import such workers from
abroad.

In this respect we mist keep the example of Japan and China before our eyes.Each and
every house in these countries is serving as a part of the countryside industrial production.
Young men and women are educated and trained to learn some skill or technique to earn their
living .The result is that Japan and China have captured almost all the markets in Asia,
Africa ,Europe and America.The Japanese workers are producing so much that the whole
world is flooded with Japanese goods .The only way of finishing poverty and unemployment
in Pakistan is to spread technical education in every nook and corner of the country

Saturday, October 26, 2013

Essay:"A Thrilling Match"

Games and sports have great importance in the life of young men .They are a good means
of entertainment and passing free time .Games are also useful for physical fitness.We can
also learn discipline , regularity and sportsman spirit from games.These games and sports are
given great importance in all the colleges and universities of our country.All the students are
encouraged to take part in them.

There are many games ,such as foot ball, hockey, cricket ,badminton, volley ball etc.But
I like cricket most of all.It is my favourite game and likes to play it whenever I get time.This
game is also very popular in our country.Whenever come foreign team visits our country
cricket matches are played in different cities of Pakistan.Huge crowd of people come to
watch matches.They are also shown on the television.

Last month I got a chance to see a one-day cricket match played between our National
teem and the Indian cricket team.Our college was closed to enable the stadium at 9
O'clock.We were surprised to see that all the enclosures had been fully packed.Men and
women,children and old persons from every walk of life had come to see this match.
Fortunately,we got seat near the commentator box.Both the teams were introduced to the
Governor of the Punjab who was the Chief Guest.The players liked to have a photograph
with him.

At the fixed time, the match started.Luckily, Younis Khan, the Captain of Pakistan team
won the toss.He invited the Indians to play first.Both the openers of the Indian team were
very experienced batsmen.but they could not play confidently before the Pakistani Bowlers.
the wicket was given great help to the fast bowlers like Omer Gull, Shoaib Akhtar and
Muhamad Amir.In the first five overs they took two wickets against only ten runs.It appeared
that the whole Indian Team would not be able to score even one hundred tuns.But the careful
batting by Dhooni and Youvrage gave a good stand to their team.But Younis Khan made a
wise change by introducing Shahid Afridi from the collede end .His ball was taking a sharp
turn and he took the important wicket of Dhooni in his first over.The fielding of our team
was very remarkable.The spectators clapped loudly when Shoaib took a very difficult catch.
Our Wicket Keeper Kamran Akmal showed a wonderful performance by stumping out three
Indian players.Two of them were run-out and the last three batsmen were caught behind the
wickets.At last the whole team was out after making only one hundred and forty three runs.

There was the lunch interval.We also opened our lunch boxes to refresh ourselves.
The stadium was presenting a colourful scene .Especially ,the enclosure for the ladies looked
very attractive.The people were enjoying music from the ground management.Many of them
were holding the national flags in their hands and loved to display them proudly.

At last the match started again and Imran Nazir came to open with Shahid afridi.The
target was quite easy and our batsmen played aggressive shots from the very
beginning.The captain f the Indian team tried many bowlers one after the other,but he could
not achieve a break through.Both the openers gave a solid start by scoring eight runs.Then
came the Younis Khan and Shosib Malik, who loved to hit the ball with full force.Whenever
they scored a sixer or hit to the boundry,people went mad with joy and jumped and danced at
their seats.In this way Pakistan defeated India by seven wickets.Shoaib Malik was
declared the man of the match.It was a very thrilling match and we enjoyed it very much.

Essay: "A Journey By Train (or) Scene at A Railway Station"

Railway train is still a popular means of transport in our country.It has its own charm
and pleasures.Although some times trains get late beyond our expectations,yet
people prefer traveling by them.Travel by train is comparatively safer and
cheaper.Its seats are more roomy than those of buses and the passengers get the facility
of a berth in case of a long journey.There is no problem of toilet during the journey.The slow
speed of the train enables the passengers to enjoy fresh air and green view of the out side
world

Last month I performed a journey by train from my home town to Lahore.Its pleasant
memories are still fresh in my mind.The elder brother of my friend was going to be married at
Lahore.He invited me and a few other friends to participate .We decided to travel by train that
starts early in the morning .I got permission and some money from my parents and
starts for the railway station on the appointed day.When I reached the railway station I found my
friends waiting for me .We bought tickets for Lahore and came on the railway plat-form.
There were a few minutes for the train to arrive.The signal had been pulled down and
passengers were looking towards the side of the train.there was s huge crowd of people and
a lot of hue and cry .The vendors were calling out the names of eatables for
sale .The coolies were running here and there in red uniforms, carrying the luggage of
passengers.

At last, the railway train arrived and stopped at the plat-form.All the compartments were
packed to their full capacity.Many of the passengers were getting down while the others felt
impatient to board it.We did not know how to enter the compartment and get a comfortable
seat.with great difficulty I jumped through the window and reserved seats for my self and my
friends.After a while, the guard whistled and waved his green flag and our train
started for Lahore.

By chance I got seat near the window .From there I could enjoy the scene of the outside
world.I was delighted to see the green fields,the cattle grazing and the
farmers ploughing.By chance a blind beggar entered our compartment.He recited a
religious song and people gave him charity money .When he had departed
a medicine seller also came in .He showed a small bottle containing a wonderful medicine
that could cure twenty one diseases simultaneously.He admired it in such a way
that a large number of passengers purchased it.

At last, our train reached Lahore railway station.We were surprised to see such a big
railway station with number of platforms and flights of stairs .The porters rushed to
carry our burdens but we requested to let us depend on our own arms and legs.We came out
of the railway station and hired a taxi-car to reach the house of our friend.It was a very
pleasant journey and I enjoyed it much.

Monday, October 14, 2013

Essay: "Co-education"

Definition and Introduction of Co-education

Co-Education means the education of boys and girls in the same institute.Now a day, in
most of the countries, boys and girls get education together in school ,colleges and
universities.Co-education has advantages as well as disadvantages. In pakistan ,we have
co-education in primary schools ,in college ans post graduate classes.In high schools it is
not considered advisable to run combined classes

Arguments in Favour of Co-education

In this poor country ,much may be said in favour of co-education.It is economical to
 practice in Pakistan.How can we afford to have separate colleges for girls all over the
country?It is also not possible to build and equip separate laboratories, medical
schools and industrial schools for girls.There is an increasing demand for the education of
women,Lack of funds, scarcity of good teachers, inadequacy of
buildings are some of the hurdles that stand in the way of having separate institutes for girls.
Co-education is the only alternative to meet this demand.

It may also be argued that co-education helps th develop the character of students.By a
close association, their mutual shyness is removed, and they begin to understand each other
better.The zest for competition is stronger among sexes .In the presence of girls,
the male students generally behave well and this self-imposed restriction makes better
men of them.The healthy union of boys and girls lays a sure basis for happy married life.
Teachers,who have had experiences of both types of schools,opine that with the
presence of women the tone of educational institutes is raised.

Arguments Against Co-education

As against these arguments in favour of co-education, it may be stated that in tropical
countries sex-consciousness develops at an early age.It is therefore not advisable to offer
opportunities to the boys to mix with the girls freely.The adolescent age being romantic, is
not hesitant to break the rules of conventional morality.Besides, mixed schools are often
difficult manage.All sorts of arrangements are to be made to meet the requirement of girls.
The subjects which may be necessary for one sex may not be so for the other.In institutes
where co-education is prevalent, such things are taught to girls that never help them in
their future life.Surely the field of work for women being different from that of men, it is
useless to have one and the same syllabus for both sexes.
The physical effect of co-education is also mot healthy.Mixing of grown-up boys with
grown-up girls at the colleges and at Universities causes a great disturbance/

Co-education takes away the element of romance which is advantageous to marries life
Familiarity , as it is commonly known breeds contempt.It eliminates that element of
romance, which makes marriage condemnable.Some teachers also argue that there are
certain subjects which can be taught in the presence of both sexes with mental reservation
only.And the teacher , who feels embarrassment in the course of his lecture, can hardly do
justice to the subject.
We,in Pakistan ,cannot reap the real benefits of co-education.The boys and
girls sitting in the room occupy separate benches.They rarely meet outside the classroom
where the protection of the teacher is not available .The result is that there is no association
among them .The Pakistani educationists also being conservative at heart cannot manage the
combined classes with advantage.Co-education ,under these circumstances remains a half
way measure.

Conclusions

The argument of economy is very strong argument on favour of adopting co-education in
Pakistan.But it should be practiced after affecting certain modification .For instant, there is
no objection to the introduction of co-education among children under ten year of age.It
should then be abandoned up to degree classes.

No harm is however ,apprehended if co-education is introduced in the post graduate
classes.At this stage, boys and girls will have developed a sense of responsibility.
Co-education is fruitful, only when the environment is appropriate.