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Thursday, May 29, 2014

Essay:Democracy &Dictatorship

Democracy is a popular form of Government .It is practiced successfully in
many countries of the world .In this form of Government, people elect their own rulers.In a
democratic country ,there are many political parties.They take part in election.The party,
which wins by the majority of vote, is declared successful.It is called to form the
Government.The rest of the parties are supposed to sit on the opposition benches.In
the assembly ,important issues are debated and discussed by both the ruling party as well as
the opposition party.The decision on different problems of the country is taken after much
deliberation.

Dictatorship is a system of Government is which one party or  one person rules the
country.The entire power rests with that party or the ruler.The party comes into power after
election.However, unlike democracy, there is not any opposition party.All the votes are cast
in favour of one party.In dictatorship no one can oppose the ruler.There are many
restrictions on the freedom of people. An individual does not enjoy any type of freedom /The
radio, the television, the newspapers and other mass media conceal facts .Their main business
is to admire and praise the ruling party .In dictatorship an individual does not enjoy
any respect.This form of Government is popular in communist countries as Russia, China and
East Germany.

in democracy there is full freedom of expressing public opinion.An individual enjoys
full freedom to think , write and express his views .The press is completely free .The policies
of the Government are debated and discussed freely in the newspaper as well as in the
Assembly Hall. In democracy, a person enjoys respect and importance.

Democracy is linked with justice .Every body has equal right in the eye of law.The
voters can choose and remove their rulers according to their own will.This form of
Government is popular and successful in America ,Britain ,India and Japan.Democracy has
failed in under developed countries. The reasons for its failure are the following:

Democracy is a difficult system of Government .Only the educated and sensible people
can understand and run it.In our country and in many other Asian countries, most of people
are uneducated and backward.They cannot understand the real spirit and structure of a
democratic system of government .Most of the people in our country are poor.At the time of
election , the voters are bribed  and tempted to give their votes in favour of
irresponsible and uneducated candidates.In this way , in democracy, the responsible and
educated candidates do not return to Assembly.

In a democratic form of government , the candidates use unfair means to win the election.
The candidates of the rival party are kidnapped .the ballot boxes are broken and
undue pressure is exercised on the officers who conduct the election.In this way ,the elections
open the gateway to corruption, bribery and selfishness.

Democracy has many merits  but it has many demerits also .It is known for its inefficiency
and slowness.At the time of national emergencies, it fails to cope with the situation.
The national issues of great importance ore debated and discussed in the assembly .It takes a
long time jto arrive at any decision.In this way , many problems of utmost importance remain
unsolved in the light of above discussion .We can say that democracy in spite of its defects is
still a popular form of Government .So it is better than dictatorship.

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